George Mackenzie   

George Mackenzie born approx. 1720 and died in 1780.


May 2:
He became a lieutenant.


He was promoted to first lieutenant on the Hampshire of 50 guns.


He participated in taking several prizes from the Spanish on the Hampshire, and took command of one prize of 8 guns with 12 in his crew. Separated from the Hampshire, Mackenzie’s small ship was recapture by the Spanish after a broadside by a much larger Spanish privateer of 24 guns and 200 crew. The ship was recaptured later by English warships and Mackenzie returned to London.


He was a lieutenant on the Strafford of 60 guns, a Fourth Rate at Chatham.


He was a lieutenant and commanding officer on the captured French Amazon (French Panthére) of 26 guns, a Sixth Rate with the British fleet on the Leeward Islands’ station under Commodore John Moore.

He was assigned as commanding officer on the Tavistock of 10 guns.


September 20-25:
He was commanding officer on the Tavistock in the Raid on Lorient, France with Admiral Lestock.

October 1:
He was in action along with the Exeter of 60 guns and with the Poole of 44 guns against the French l’Ardent of 64 guns. L’Ardent anchored in Quiberon Bay near a shore battery. The Tavistock engaged the 2-cannon shore battery while the larger Poole and Exeter fought l’Ardent. The French captain ran the l’Ardent ashore to prevent capture, and the ship was greatly damaged by cannon fire from the two British ships. That night the French burned the ship.


January 24:
He was promoted to captain, aboard the Inverness of 22 guns, a frigate under Commodore Cotes and Admiral Hawke against the Spanish fleet.


He left the Inverness.


Mackenzie was aboard a 60 gun warship in Lisbon.


He commanded the Fowey of 24 guns in Port Royal, Jamaica.


He left the Fowey.


He was appointed as commanding officer to the Sunderland of 60 guns in North America under Vice Admiral Holburne.


He left the Sunderland.

He was appointed and commanded the repaired and recommissioned Renown of 30 guns in the West Indies.

June 1:
Mackenzie sailed from Spithead with Commodore Howe’s fleet to make a diversionary attack on the French coast at Cancale Bay, 6 miles from St. Malo.

June 6:
Troops were landed from the Renown.

June 11-12:
He re-embarked the troops on the Renown having laid waste to the area outside St. Malo.

June 29:
He patrolled along the coast of France and took the French sloop, le Guirlande of 22 guns, aided at the last moment by the Rochester of 50 guns under Capt. Robert Duff which fired a few shots before the sloop surrendered, off Cherbourg, France.

Battle damages on the Renown were repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard at a cost of £10,754,14s, 3p.

He was reassigned and commanded the Renown under Admiral Boscawen’s fleet.

October 31:
He was with Admiral Boscawen’s fleet on the Renown.

November 13:
He sailed for the Leeward Islands on the Renown.


Mackenzie captured the French schooner, Captain West in the West Indies that was recaptured by the French and later again by the English.

He was in Carlisle Bay in the Barbados under Commodore John Moore preparing for the expedition against Martinique and Guadeloupe islands on the Renown.

January 13:
His fleet departed for Martinique Island.

January 15:
The fleet arrived off of Fort Royal (French Fort-de-France) in Martinique.

January 18:
fter an unsuccessful attempt by the landed troops to capture Fort Royal, the fleet departed for Saint-Pierre, and second largest town in Martinique.

January 22:
The Renown reaching Basse-Terre with the fleet.

January 23:
The fleet bombarded the citadel and town of Basse-Terre which was almost entirely destroyed.

January 24:
MacKenzie assisted in landing troops to occupy Basse-Terre.

February 6:
His squadron was placed under the command of Captain Harman and sailed for Fort Louis on Grande-Terre Island.

February 13:
He attacked Fort Louis with cannon for six hours and protected the landing of troops which took the town.

March 13:
Renown left with the squadron for Prince Rupert’s Bay in the Island of Dominica after reports came of a French fleet at Martinique.

March 21:
He sailed for Port Royal, Jamaica with Brigadier General Haldane, the governor-elect of the island, to prepare for an attack by the French fleet under Admiral Bompar.

November 13:
He departed for the Leeward Islands.


He was captain on the Renown at Port Royal in Jamaica.

Mackenzie sailed for the Leeward Islands on the Renown.


January 31:
He was aboard the Renown at Port Royal, Jamaica.

He was assigned to the Glasgow of 24 guns in the West Indies.


He captained the Defiance of 60 guns in Jamaica.


August 13:
He was on the Defiance under Sir George Pocock in the expedition against Havana, blockading Cap François, and captured two Spanish frigates, the Venganza of 26 guns and the Marte of 18 guns which he fought near Port Mariel.

Mackenzie then returned to England for a survey of the Defiance.

He was assigned as captain to the recommissioned Cornwall of 74 guns, a 3rd rate guard ship at Plymouth.


Mackenzie transported troops to the West Indies on the Cornwall.


He commanded the Arrogant of 74 guns, also a guard ship at Plymouth.


He commanded the Arrogant at Plymouth.


He commanded the Arrogant at Plymouth.


He was appointed commodore and commander-in-chief of the ships on the Jamaica station.


He was flag officer on the Dunkirk of 60 guns in Jamaica.


He left the Dunkirk when it was surveyed and the crew paid off.


He commanded the Medway of 60 guns.


He was the commanding officer of the Ardent of 64 guns, a guard ship at Chatham Dockyard.


He left the Ardent.


He was made captain of the Ramillies of 74 guns, a guard ship.


April 27:
He left the Ramillies.

April 28:
Mackenzie was promoted to Rear Admiral of the Blue.


January 23:
He was promoted to Rear Admiral of the White.

January 29:
He was promoted to Rear Admiral of the Red.


March 19:
He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the Blue.


He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the White.

July 29:
He died in France. 
His widow, Ann, was awarded a pension of £200 paid annually.