Frederick Lewis Maitland

Frederick Maitland was born Jan. 19, 1730 in Edinburgh, Scotland, the sixth son of Charles Maitland, the 6th Earl of Lauderdale, and Lady Elizabeth Ogilvy, daughter to James, Earl of Finlater and Seafield. He was named after Frederick the Price of Wales, his godfather.

1748

October 20:
Maitland joined the navy and became a midshipman aboard the Travistock, a 14-gun sloop.

1749

He shipped to Barbados in the West Indies.

April 14:
Maitland was assigned to the Speedwell, another 14-gun sloop stationed at Port Royal, Jamaica.

May 14:
He was still a midshipman aboard the Speedwell on Barbados.

1750

January 3:
He left the Speedwell for the sloop Otter of 14-guns in Barbados.

June 11:
He was promoted to lieutenant.

June 14:
He was still a lieutenant aboard the Otter in the West Indies.

1751

October 26:
His ship returned to England and the crew was paid off.

1753

January 23:
Maitland became lieutenant aboard the frigate Port Mahon of 24 guns at Plymouth.

His ship sailed to Newfoundland in late summer and returned to England in early winter.

1754

April:
He was paid off in England.

1755

March 21:
He was aboard the Rochester of 50 guns in England assigned to the Channel fleet for patrol.

1757

January 17:
He was promoted to commander of the storeship Port Royal, an 18-gun sloop, armed in Dartmouth, and he shipped to Jamaica.

1758

October 21:
His son James Maitland was born in Port Royal, Jamaica to his mistress, Mary Arnott.

1759

March 9:
He was promoted to captain and posted to the Wager of 20 guns in Jamaica.

August 11:
He became captain of the Lively of 20 guns at Port Royal in Jamaica.

1760

August 18:
His son James Maitland died in Port Royal.

October 17:
In a small fleet under the command of Rear-Admiral Holmes, Maitland’s ship chased the French corvette la Valeur of 20 guns east of Cuba. The next day being windless, the Lively used its sweeps to come within range of la Valeur at daybreak. In an engagement lasting an hour and a half, he forced the French ship, with huge losses to the French crew, to surrender. It was one of five frigates from Cape François bound for France either taken or destroyed in the Battle of the Windward Passage.

He returned to England.

He departed England as captain on the Renown of 30 guns and sailed to the West Indies.

1761

April 16:
He patrolled on the Renown out of Jamaica.

September:
Maitland returned to England to patrol in home waters.

1762

September 28:
The Renown was at Spithead, England arriving in a convoy from Oporto, Portugal.

1763

He sailed back to America and the West Indies on the Renown.

November 30:
HIs daughter Elizabeth Maitland was born to Mary Arnott in Port Royal, Jamaica.

1764

September:
Maitland returned to England on the Renown and the crew was paid off.

1765

January 1:
He was put on half pay.

March 19:
His son John Maitland was born to Mary Arnott in Port Royal, Jamaica.

1767

August 27:
Maitland married Margaret Dick who was born about 1732 in Edinburgh. She was the very wealthy daughter of James Dick and heiress of three families; the Makgills of Rankeillour, the Crichtons of Frendraught, and the Heriots of Ramornie.

1768

October 28:
His daughter Mary Turner Maitland was born to Margaret Dick in Newburgh, County of Fife, Scotland.

1769

January 1:
Maitland canceled the sale of £7,700 for 145 of his slaves in St. Thomas at a sugar works and took out a remortgage instead for £7,500.

November 26:
His son Charles Maitland was born to Margaret Dick in Randeillour, Scotland.

1774

September 11:
His son James Heriot Maitland was born to Margaret Dick in Newburgh, County of Fife, Scotland.

1775

January 5:
HIs daughter Isabella Maitland was born to Margaret Dick in Collessie, County of Fife, Scotland.

1777

September 11:
His son Frederick Lewis Maitland was born to Margaret Dick in Rankeillor, Scotland.

1778

January:
He took command of the Elizabeth of 74 guns under Sir George Bridges Rodney at Portsmouth.

February:
He sailed the Elizabeth to the West Indies.

July 27:
Maitland captained the Elizabeth in the battle line during the disappointing Battle of Ushant. After fighting the French fleet into the night, the next morning Admiral Keppel signaled the Elizabeth to chase down the few remaining French ships but she was in no condition to follow the order, much damaged from the fight of the previous day. The bulk of the French fleet had retreating toward Brest and safety during the night.

He gave testimony supporting Admiral Keppel in the resulting politically charged court marital.

1779

Aboard the Elizabeth, Maitland sailed for the Leeward Islands to join Admiral Rowley’s squadron.

1780

April 17:
He was in action against the Admiral Count de Guichen’s fleet in the Battle of Martinique. His ship was stationed in the line of battle as the second to Rear-Admiral Parker, Commander of the van division. Confusion reigned as the British line reversed course and the van was now the rear in terms of the French line. A mixup of communications followed as Maitland, following the ships before him and Admiral Parker’s ship, ended up not attacking the right ships. The outcome of continuing errors allowed the French to sail away to Basseterre and shelter under shore batteries.

He remained in the Leeward Islands until late summer and returned to Jamaica for repairs.

In the autumn, he sailed for England as part of a convoy of merchantmen and the ship was badly damaged in a gale off the Newfoundland Banks that separated her from the convoy.

1781

January 9:
He became commander of the Queen of 98 guns in England on the Channel Fleet.

April:
Maitland sailed aboard the Queen in Relief of Gibraltar under Vice-Admiral Darby.

1782

April 17:
Maitland sailed from Plymouth as captain of the Queen under Admirals Barrington, Kempenfelt, and Commodore Elliot and captured the Actionaire of 64 guns bound for the East Indies with supplies and men.

September 19:
He was captain on the Grafton of 74 guns in Portsmouth harbor.

November 20:
He was captain on the Princess Augusta yacht.

November 27:
Mary Arnott, his wife in Port Royal, Jamaica, died.

1785

June 30:
He left the Princess Augusta.

1786

December 16:
Maitland rose from his chair, walked to a window, opened it, and fell back in his chair dead. He had been promoted to rear admiral but died at age 56 at Rankeillor, in the County of Fife, Scotland before hearing the news.

Notes

Capt. Maitland took a mistress in Jamaica, Mary Arnott, born in Jamaica and died Nov. 27, 1782 in Port Royal, Jamaica. His wife Margaret Dick died in April of 1825. Both women had children.

Mary Arnott’s children were:

1. James Maitland (born Oct. 21, 1758 in Port Royal, Jamaica, died Aug. 18, 1760 in Port Royal, Jamaica)

2. Frederick Maitland Arnott (born about 1760) joined the army and was a cadet in 1777. He stayed on in India after 1787 and was employed in the Nawab’s bodyguard in Luckow. Later he became an arms manufacturer and military supplier until 1795. He then became an indigo merchant in Bengal.

3. Elizabeth Maitland (born Nov. 30, 1763 in Port Royal, Jamaica)

4. John Maitland (born March 19, 1765, died in Jamaica), married Rebecca Dunston Wright and had 2 children.

Margaret Dick’s children were:

1. Mary Tuner Maitland (born 1768, died 1851) married Henry Scrymgeour and had 4 childen.

2. Charles Maitland-Makgill, of Rankeillor (born Nov. 26, 1769 in Rankeillour, Scotland, died 1820 in the West Indies after he inherited his mother’s estates when she died.)

3. Elizabeth Maitland Makgill (born 1773 in Fife, Scotland, died Oct. 15, 1855 in Edinburgh, Scotland).

4. James Heriot Maitland (born Sept. 11, 1774 in Fie Scotland, died Apr. 26, 1848 in Ramorny)

5. Isabella Maitland (born May 1, 1775 in Fife, Scotland), married William Roy.

6. Frederick Lewis Maitland, Margaret’s son, became a captain and took Napoleon’s surrender on the Belleraphon in 1815. He became an admiral and lord (born in 1777 in Rankeillor, Scotland, died Nov. 30, 1839 off Bombay at sea).