François Marie Aleno de Saint-Aloüarn, Seigneur de Kersallic
François de Saint-Aloüarn was born on the 24th of January, 1705 at the manor de Saint-Aloüarn, Guengat, France to René Alleno de Saint-Aloüarn (born 1678 and died 1755) and Claude L’Honoré (born 1682 and died 1754).
Saint-Aloüarn entered the navy as a cadet in the Garde de la Marine.
He was promoted to ensign de vaisseau (lieutenant).
He married Marie Josèphe Pélagie de Kerret de Quillien at the Manor de Quillien, Pleyben. She was born in 1715.
His daughter Marie Joséphe Catherine was born.
His son Louis François Marie was born at the manor of Saint-Aloüarn,
His daughter Marie René Pélagie was born.
He was ensign de vaisseau, aboard the corvette, la Noyade, at la Havre.
Saint-Aloüarn was aboard the frigate l’Emeraude of 26 guns and recaptured the corsair, le Vainqueur, of Bordeaux, from the British. He was promoted to lieutenant de vaisseau (ship commander).
His daughter Marie Charlotte Pélagie was born.
François’s brother, René-Louis de Saint-Aloüarn, the Chevalier de Rosmadec, joined him on patrols aboard l’Emeraude of 36 guns.
He captured the Godolphin of 22 guns assisted by la Fine of 24 guns commanded by his brother, René-Louis de Saint-Aloüarn. Saint-Aloüarn received a personal letter of commendation from Minister Maurepas. It stated other captains at sea should emulate the two Saint-Aloüarn brothers’ courage and skill.
He captured three British ships while in command of l’Emeraude.
He captured the 120 ton merchant ship Marborough of Bristol. The ship refused to surrender and after a volley of musket fire killed its captain and owner, Richard Hiat, the merchant ship’s master surrendered.
The Swallow of Cork, a 140 ton merchant ship under Capt. John Lang, was taken by l‘Emeraude.
The Dispatch, of Liverpool, a 55 ton merchant ship, arriving from Antiqua carrying sugar, cotton, and rum, was captured while cruising near Le Havre, assisted by two other French ships.
Together with la Fine under his brother’s command, they captured a British dispatch near Le Havre.
L’Emeraude and la Fine returned from a cruise of 114 days with fourteen prizes of which ten were considered captures, the four others having been recaptured. Of the ten, four were larger warships plus the corsair Prince of Wales of 10 guns. He was nominated for the Croix de Saint Louis for his bravery. Saint-Aloüarn’s prize money amounted to 17,388 livres.
Together with la Fine, they recaptured from the British the French warship Prince of Orange.
La Fine and l’Emeraude recaptured Prince de Conti of Le Havre.
Saint-Aloüarn, in the bay near Dunkirk, captured the Anne of London.
His baby Marie Charlotte died.
Saint-Aloüarn, on l’Emeraude, escorts a convoy of Scottish volunteers to join the Pretender at Peterhead, Scotland. Unable to pass through the British squadrons and told that Prince Charles had left Inverness, he holds council with the other captains and departs, arriving at Dunkerque on the 23rd of March.
In command of la Renommée, Saint-Aloüarn and his brother René-Louis as second in command were transporting Count de Conflans, the new governor of Saint-Domingue (Santo Domingo), to the Antilles. The ship engaged twice with the British Amazon (former la Panthére) of 26 guns and la Renommée was severely damaged. It withdrew from the fight when the Amazon caught fire and more British warships arrived. During the night Saint-Aloüarn changed course a number of times.
Within 50 miles of Ushant, Saint-Aloüarn was chased and fought with the English warship Dover of 50 guns under Captain Shirley and surrendered after nearly sinking. The Saint-Aloüarns were made prisoner, held three months in Plymouth, and received parole by an intervention of the Marshal de Saxe.
His daughter Anne Marie Pélagie was born.
He was promoted to capitaine de vaisseau (captain).
His daughter Marie Charlotte was born.
Saint-Aloüarn was made chevalier (knight) of the Ordre Militaire de Saint-Louis.
He commanded the frigate l’Héroine of 26 guns and sailed to the French Polynesia isles in the Pacific.
His son Louis François attended the Garde de Marine in Brest.
Saint-Aloüarn captained l’Aigle of 50 guns in the squadron under Admiral M. de Perrier and sailed to Saint-Dominique.
His son Louis François, at 17, joined the navy and was aboard l’Espérance of 74 guns, commanded by René-Louis de Saint-Aloüarn, his uncle.
Saint-Aloüarn’s son Louis François, and brother, René-Louis de Saint-Aloüarn commander of the l’Espérance, were captured by the British Orford of 70 guns after five hours of battle in the Gulf of Gascogne and were sent for two years as officer prisoners to Leicester.
His son Louis François, made an ensigne by order of the king after his return from England, sailed on le Défenseur of 74 guns commanded by de Bompar in Martinique.
Saint-Aloüarn commanded le Juste of 70 guns in de Conflans’ squadron at Brest along with his brother René-Louis de Saint-Aloüarn, his second in command.
Near Belle-Isle, by rocks known as the Cardinaux, the squadron was attacked by Admiral Hawke’s fleet. Four enemy ships attacked le Juste and the Battle of Quiberon Bay lasted almost eight hours. Saint-Aloüarn was wounded in the shoulder by a musket ball and taken below decks. His brother René took command and was wounded in the engagement and died that evening.
François Saint-Aloüarn died in the early morning from his wounds of the previous day. Le Juste was grounded and wrecked the next day at the mouth of the Loire River, at Chemoulin Point with a loss of 487 dead and 150 survivors.
His wife Marie died in 1791 in Brest.
He had the following siblings, two brothers and two sisters:
- René Louis Alleno de Rosmadec, born Sept. 22, 1715 in Guengat. A naval captain also, he died with François aboard le Juste at the Battle of Quiberon Bay on November 21, 1759.
- Anne Claude Aleno de Saint-Aloüarn, was born in Quimper and married Grégoire de Stongengant and remarried on May 8, 1758 to Charles du Boisguehenneuc in Quimper.
- Françoise Alleno, who married Charles de Raimond.
- Joseph Olivier Alleno, who died in 1742.
François had one son and five daughters:
- Marie Joséphe Catherine, born 1737 and died 1788.
- Louis François Marie, born 1738, Seigneur de Saint-Aloüarn. He was a naval captain and explorer. He died of a fever on October 27, 1772 in Port Louis, Île de France (Mauritius), at 34 years of age after discovering western Australia and laying claim to the continent for France.
- Marie Renée Pélagie, born 1742.
- Marie Charlotte Pélagie, born 1743 and died 1746.
- Anne Marie Pélagie, born 1747.
- Marie Charlotte, born 1749 and died 1786.