Cornelius Smelt entered the navy probably in the early 1730s.
Lieutenant Smelt on the Dorsetshire of 80 guns cruised in the Mediterranean.
Captain Smelt reported that nine men deserted his ship.
He was in a court-martial at Chatham, England for actions on the Dorsetshire.
He took command of the Granado of 8 guns, a sloop.
He remained on the Granado.
He captained the sloop Viper of 10 guns and sailed with orders for the evacuation of all British troops from Cape Breton as agreed in the peace treaty.
Captain Smelt requested the Viper be surveyed for its paintwork and that it be repainted.
Smelt requested from Admiral Townsend at the Port Royal station in Jamaica that he be transferred to the Renown and he traded ships with Captain Shirley going to the Viper.
The admiralty cancelled the trade and returned Captain Shirley to the Renown and Captain Smelt to the Viper.
He was on the Viper in Jamaica at the Port Royal station and reported the death of a carpenter on his ship.
He was on the Viper in Nantasket and sued by Ferdinando Clark for detaining his ship, the Warren, from departing.
Smelt received a General Certificate and was going to Jamaica and asked to be paid.
The Viper commanded by Captain Smelt was paid off and put out of commission.
He requested payment for commanding the Renown and the Viper sloop.
He became a regulating captain in charge of impressment.
Captain Smelt commanding a tender of impressed men was killed during a mutiny aboard his ship near Hull, England. Several other officers and sailors were also wounded.
The will of Captain Smelt of the Viper was read.